mysql_query

mysql_query

(PHP 3, PHP 4, PHP 5)

mysql_query -- Send a MySQL query

Description

resource mysql_query ( string query [, resource link_identifier] )

mysql_query() sends a query (to the currently active database on the server that's associated with the specified link_identifier).

Parameters

query

A SQL query

The query string should not end with a semicolon.

link_identifier

The MySQL connection. If the link identifier is not specified, the last link opened by mysql_connect() is assumed. If no such link is found, it will try to create one as if mysql_connect() was called with no arguments. If by chance no connection is found or established, an E_WARNING level warning is generated.

Return Values

For SELECT, SHOW, DESCRIBE or EXPLAIN statements, mysql_query() returns a resource on success, or FALSE on error.

For other type of SQL statements, UPDATE, DELETE, DROP, etc, mysql_query() returns TRUE on success or FALSE on error.

The returned result resource should be passed to mysql_fetch_array(), and other functions for dealing with result tables, to access the returned data.

Use mysql_num_rows() to find out how many rows were returned for a SELECT statement or mysql_affected_rows() to find out how many rows were affected by a DELETE, INSERT, REPLACE, or UPDATE statement.

mysql_query() will also fail and return FALSE if the user does not have permission to access the table(s) referenced by the query.

Examples

Example 1. Invalid Query

The following query is syntactically invalid, so mysql_query() fails and returns FALSE.

<?php
$result
= mysql_query('SELECT * WHERE 1=1');
if (!
$result) {
    die(
'Invalid query: ' . mysql_error());
}

?>

Example 2. Valid Query

The following query is valid, so mysql_query() returns a resource.

<?php
// This could be supplied by a user, for example
$firstname = 'fred';
$lastname  = 'fox';

// Formulate Query
// This is the best way to perform a SQL query
// For more examples, see mysql_real_escape_string()
$query = sprintf("SELECT firstname, lastname, address, age FROM friends WHERE firstname='%s' AND lastname='%s'",
    
mysql_real_escape_string($firstname),
    
mysql_real_escape_string($lastname));

// Perform Query
$result = mysql_query($query);

// Check result
// This shows the actual query sent to MySQL, and the error. Useful for debugging.
if (!$result) {
    
$message  = 'Invalid query: ' . mysql_error() . "\n";
    
$message .= 'Whole query: ' . $query;
    die(
$message);
}

// Use result
// Attempting to print $result won't allow access to information in the resource
// One of the mysql result functions must be used
// See also mysql_result(), mysql_fetch_array(), mysql_fetch_row(), etc.
while ($row = mysql_fetch_assoc($result)) {
    echo
$row['firstname'];
    echo
$row['lastname'];
    echo
$row['address'];
    echo
$row['age'];
}

// Free the resources associated with the result set
// This is done automatically at the end of the script
mysql_free_result($result);
?>

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