This function is
EXPERIMENTAL. The behaviour of this function, the
name of this function, and anything else documented about this
function may change without notice in a future release of PHP.
Use this function at your own risk.
Executes a given query against the relational database,
using the supplied PDO database handle.
Uses the model that it built from the the metadata
to interpret the result set.
Returns a data graph.
Constructed using the PDO extension.
A typical line to construct a PDO database handle might look
$dbh = new PDO("mysql:dbname=COMPANYDB;host=localhost",DATABASE_USER,DATABASE_PASSWORD);
The SQL statement to be executed against the database.
The Relational DAS needs to examine the result set and
for every column, know which table and which column of
that table it came from.
In some circumstances it can find this information for itself,
but sometimes it cannot.
In these cases a column specifier is needed,
which is an array that identifies the columns.
Each entry in the array is simply a string in the form
The column specifier is needed when there are duplicate
column names in the database metadata.
For example, in the database used within the examples,
all the tables have both a
When the Relational DAS fetches the result set from PDO
it can do so with the PDO_FETCH_ASSOC attribute,
which will cause the columns in the results set
to be labelled with the column name, but will not distinguish
So this will only work when there are no duplicates
possible in the results set.
To summarise, specify a column specifier array whenever there
is any uncertainty about which column could be from which table and
only omit it when every column name in the database metadata is unique.
All of the examples in the
use a column specifier.
There is one example in the
directory of the installation that does not:
that which works with just the employee table,
and because it works with just one table,
there can not exist duplicate column names.
Returns a data graph.
Specifically, it returns a root object of a special type.
Under this root object will be the data from the result set.
The root object will have a multi-valued containment property
with the same name as the application root type
specified on the constructor,
and that property will contain one or more data objects
of the application root type.
In the event that the query returns no data,
the special root object will still be returned but
the containment property for the application root type will be empty.
can throw an SDO_DAS_Relational_Exception if it is unable
to construct the data graph correctly.
This can occur for a number of reasons:
for example if it finds that it does not have primary keys
in the result set for all the objects.
It also catches any PDO exceptions and obtains PDO
diagnostic information which it includes in an
SDO_DAS_Relational_Exception which it then throws.
Please see the
section in the general information about the
Relational DAS for many examples of calling this method.